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October 24, 2014

Why Polygamy is Allowed in Islam, Meaning, Definition, Benefits by Zakir Naik

1-Definition of Polygamy
Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Polygamy can be of two types. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marrie more than one man. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited. Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife?
2-The Qur’an is the only religious scripture in the world that says,
“marry only one”.
The Qur’an is the only religious book, on the face of this earth, that contains the phrase ‘marry only one’. There is no other religious book that instructs men to have only one wife. In none of the other religious scriptures, whether it be the Vedas, the Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Geeta, the Talmud or the Bible does one find a restriction on the number of wives. According to these scriptures one can marry as many as one wishes. It was only later, that the Hindu priests and the Christian Church restricted the number of wives to one. Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives. King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had more than one wife. Krishna had several wives.

In earlier times, Christian men were permitted as many wives as they wished, since the Bible puts no restriction on the number of wives. It was only a few centuries ago that the Church restricted the number of wives to one.
Polygyny is permitted in Judaism. According to Talmudic law, Abraham had three wives, and Solomon had hundreds of wives. The practice of polygyny continued till Rabbi Gershom ben Yehudah (960 C.E to 1030 C.E) issued an edict against it. The Jewish Sephardic communities living in Muslim countries continued the practice till as late as 1950, until an Act of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel extended the ban on marrying more than one wife.
(*Interesting Note:- As per the 1975 census of India Hindus are more polygynous than Muslims. The report of the ‘Committee of The Status of Woman in Islam’, published in 1975 mentions on page numbers 66 and 67 that the percentage of polygamous marriages between the years 1951 and 1961 was 5.06% among the Hindus and only 4.31% among the Muslims. According to Indian law only Muslim men are permitted to have more than one wife. It is illegal for any non-Muslim in India to have more than one wife. Despite it being
illegal, Hindus have more multiple wives as compared to Muslims. Earlier, there was no restriction even on Hindu men with respect to the number of wives allowed. It was only in 1954, when the Hindu Marriage Act was passed that it became illegal for a Hindu to have more than one wife. At present it is the Indian Law that restricts a Hindu man from having more than one wife and not the Hindu scriptures.)
Let us now analyse why Islam allows a man to have more than one wife.
3. Qur’an permits limited polygyny
As I mentioned earlier, Qur’an is the only religious book on the face of the earth that says ‘marry only one’. The context of this phrase is the following verse from
Surah Nisa of the Glorious Qur’an:
“Marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four; but if ye fear that
ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one.”
[Al-Qur’an 4:3]
Before the Qur’an was revealed, there was no upper limit for polygyny and many men had scores of wives, some even hundreds. Islam put an upper limit of four wives. Islam gives a man permission to marry two, three or four women, only on the condition that he deals justly with them.
In the same chapter i.e. Surah Nisa verse 129 says:
“Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women….”
[Al-Qur’an 4:129]
Therefore polygyny is not a rule but an exception. Many people are under the misconception that it is compulsory for a Muslim man to have more than one wife. Broadly, Islam has five categories of Do’s and Don’ts:
(i) ‘Fard’ i.e. compulsory or obligatory
(ii) ‘Mustahab’ i.e. recommended or encouraged
(iii) ‘Mubah’ i.e. permissible or allowed
(iv) ‘Makruh’ i.e. not recommended or discouraged
(v) ‘Haraam’ i.e. prohibited or forbidden
Polygyny falls in the middle category of things that are permissible. It cannot be said that a Muslim who has two, three or four wives is a better Muslim as compared to a Muslim who has only one wife.
4. Average life span of females is more than that of males
By nature males and females are born in approximately the same ratio. A female child has more immunity than a male child. A female child can fight the germs and diseases better than the male child. For this reason, during the pediatric age itself there are more deaths among males as compared to the females.
During wars, there are more men killed as compared to women. More men die due to accidents and diseases than women. The average life span of females is more than that of males, and at any given time one finds more widows in the world than widowers.
5. India has more male population than female due to female
foeticide and infanticide
India is one of the few countries, along with the other neighbouring countries, in which the female population is less than the male population. The reason lies in the high rate of female infanticide in India, and the fact that more than one million female foetuses are aborted every year in this country, after they are identified as females. If this evil practice is stopped, then India too will have more females as compared to males.
6. World female population is more than male population
In the USA, women outnumber men by 7.8 million. New York alone has one million more females as compared to the number of males, and of the male population of New York one-third are gays i.e sodomites. The U.S.A as a whole has more than twenty-five million gays. This means that these people do not wish to marry women. Great Britain has four million more females as compared to males. Germany has five million more females as compared to males. Russia has nine million more females than males. God alone knows how many million more females there are in the whole world as compared to males.
7. Restricting each and every man to have only one wife is not
practical

Even if every man got married to one woman, there would still be more than thirty million females in U.S.A who would not be able to get husbands (considering that America has twenty five million gays). There would be more  than four million females in Great Britain, 5 million females in Germany and nine million females in Russia alone who would not be able to find a husband. Suppose my sister happens to be one of the unmarried women living in USA, or suppose your sister happens to be one of the unmarried women in USA. The only two options remaining for her are that she either marries a man who already has a wife or becomes ‘public property’. There is no other option. All those who are modest will opt for the first.
Most women would nto like to share their husband with other women. But in Islam when the situation deems it really neccessary Muslim women in due faith could bear a small personal loss to prevent a greater loss of letting other Muslim sisters becoming ‘public properties’.
8. Marring a married man preferable to becoming ‘public property’
In Western society, it is common for a man to have mistresses and/or multiple extra-marital affairs, in which case, the woman leads a disgraceful, unprotected life. The same society, however, cannot accept a man having more than one wife, in which women retain their honourable, dignified position in society and lead a protected life.
Thus the only two options before a woman who cannot find a husband is to marry a married man or to become ‘public property’. Islam prefers giving women the honourable position by permitting the first option and disallowing the second. There are several other reasons, why Islam has permitted limited polygyny, but it is mainly to protect the modesty of women.

Comments

  1. interesting material

  2. Very nice and great information. This is also what I want to marry one man and I will be the only wife of my man.

  3. The reasons are pathetic seriously. Why did Allah allow Polygamy? Because think of wars, women’s husbands dying and children left alone with no one to take care of them. Not because men need more women or whatever. No woman in normal circumstances will want to share her husband. It’s not practical!
    There are reasons for this because men are maintainers and protectors. Who the hell would want to share her husband?

    • Administrator says:

      @aleena
      thanks for sharing your thoughts with us and your comments
      the reasons you mentioned are also right but reasons mentioned in articles are also valid.

  4. CURIOUSMIND :) says:

    I THINK ITS BEAUTIFUL!!!!

    YOU CAN ONLY ACCEPT IT IF YOUR OPEN MINDED AND UNDERSTANDING :)

  5. thanks its rely a great infrmtn 4 me n mny 4 othrs bt there is a cnfusng point that it iz, y wmnz r nt allwd wd mre than one male bcz u hv nt proprly dscrib it .,

  6. wtf the worst way to describe why islam allow polygamy either you dont have brain or u r acting like a fool get your facts right dear there are most of the muslims who marry more than one woman………..and no religious books suggest for polyandry…………stop your nonsense fact…………and start respecting other religious books…………….and request you to follow your Quran and stop boasting………start respecting females which you ppl will never understand…………..

    • Look Mr. Amit, If you haven’t enough knowledge about islam, so kindly you houldn’t have any right to speak wrong words and wrong explaination. Kindly 1st read and then peak about this. Thank you

  7. worst explanation by again the ****** ppl

  8. gud information,
    every one has right to write n explain about there belief, but one shall not criticize other religions while doing so. shall nt compare other cultures n beliefs.
    this site being an islam site, i found less about islam and more about what ppl of other faith are doing in this world.
    anyway this is my personal opinion, sorry if any1 is hurt by my words.

    • @Royal
      our purpose is not to spread hate but to harmonize the relationships of different feelings
      it is open forum on which anyone can express his or her opinion
      if someone’s feeling hurt than we apologize

  9. Zakaia Cvitanovich says:

    A lot of what you say is actually quite insulting (not to mention unfounded…)
    For example:
    1) “The only two options remaining for her are that she either marries a man who already has a wife or becomes ‘public property’. There is no other option. All those who are modest will opt for the first.” – what about women who don’t want to marry? So are you suggesting that women who don’t marry, are ‘public property’? AND what on earth does ‘public property’ mean?
    2) “In Western society, it is common for a man to have mistresses and/or multiple extra-marital affairs, in which case, the woman leads a disgraceful, unprotected life. The same society, however, cannot accept a man having more than one wife, in which women retain their honourable, dignified position in society and lead a protected life.”
    And all I’m going to say to this is… LOOK AT YOUR OWN SOCIETY BEFORE JUDGING OTHERS!!!!
    I don’t agree with polygamy because I believe in equality. A man and a woman, while obviously having different strengths, are equal in the eyes of God as far as I’m concerned. And while I understand the reason behind polygamy, like so many practices of the past, I just don’t think it’s applicable to today.

  10. guyz i know k mard ko ijazat hai per agr k wo barabari ka saluk kr sakay tou,,,,,, per being a woman ye manna bht mushkil hai

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